About Lyme Disease
Lyme Disease (tick-borne borreliosis, Lyme arthritis)
Updated: October 2011
What is Lyme disease?
Lyme disease is caused by bacteria transmitted by the deer tick (Ixodes scapularis). Lyme disease may cause symptoms affecting the skin, nervous system, heart and/or joints of an individual. Over 95,000 cases have been reported to the New York State Department of Health since Lyme disease became reportable in 1986.
Who gets Lyme disease?
Lyme disease can affect people of any age. People who spend time in grassy and wooded environments are at an increased risk of exposure. The chances of being bitten by a deer tick are greater during times of the year when ticks are most active. Young deer ticks, called nymphs, are active from mid-May to mid-August and are about the size of poppy seeds. Adult ticks, which are approximately the size of sesame seeds, are most active from March to mid-May and from mid-August to November. Both nymphs and adults can transmit Lyme disease. Ticks can be active any time the temperature is above freezing. Infected deer ticks can be found throughout New York State.
How is Lyme disease transmitted?
Not all deer ticks are infected with the bacteria that cause Lyme disease. Ticks can become infected if they feed on small animals that are infected. The disease can be spread when an infected tick bites a person and stays attached for a period of time. In most cases, the tick must be attached for 36 hours or more before the bacteria can be transmitted. Lyme disease does not spread from one person to another. Transfer of the bacteria from an infected pregnant woman to the fetus is extremely rare.
What are the symptoms of Lyme disease?
In 60-80 percent of cases, a rash resembling a bull's eye or solid patch, about two inches in diameter, appears and expands around or near the site of the bite. Sometimes, multiple rash sites appear. The early stage of Lyme disease is usually marked by one or more of the following symptoms: chills and fever, headache, fatigue, stiff neck, muscle and/or joint pain, and swollen glands. If Lyme disease is unrecognized or untreated in the early stage, more severe symptoms may occur. As the disease progresses, severe fatigue, a stiff aching neck, and tingling or numbness in the arms and legs, or facial paralysis can occur. The most severe symptoms of Lyme disease may not appear until weeks, months or years after the tick bite. These can include severe headaches, painful arthritis, swelling of the joints, and heart and central nervous system problems.
When do symptoms appear?
Early symptoms usually appear within three to 30 days after the bite of an infected tick.
Does past infection with Lyme disease make a person immune?
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection. Even if successfully treated, a person may become reinfected if bitten later by another infected tick.
What is the treatment for Lyme disease?
Early treatment of Lyme disease involves antibiotics and almost always results in a full cure. However, the chances of a complete cure decrease if treatment is delayed.
Although not routinely recommended, taking antibiotics within three days after a tick bite may be beneficial for some persons. This would apply to deer tick bites that occurred in areas where Lyme disease is common and there is evidence that the tick fed for 36 or more hours. In cases like this you should discuss the possibilities with your doctor or licensed health care provider.
What can be done to prevent Lyme disease?
When in tick-infested habitat - wooded and grassy areas - take special precautions to prevent tick bites, such as wearing light-colored clothing (for easy tick discovery) and tucking pants into socks and shirt into pants. Check after every two to three hours of outdoor activity for ticks on clothing or skin. Brush off any ticks on clothing before skin attachment occurs. A thorough check of body surfaces for attached ticks should be done at the end of the day. If removal of attached ticks occurs within 36 hours, the risk of tick-borne infection is minimal.
Repellents can be effective at reducing bites from ticks that can transmit disease. But their use is not without risk of health effects, especially if repellents are applied in large amounts or improperly. Repellents commonly available to consumers contain the active ingredients DEET (N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide), picaridin (also known as KBR 3023), oil of lemon eucalyptus, permethrin, or botanical oils. DEET products have been widely used for many years, but have occasionally been associated with health effects. Skin reactions (particularly at DEET concentrations of 50 percent and above) and eye irritation are the most frequently reported health problems. Picaridin and oil of lemon eucalyptus have been shown to offer long-lasting protection against mosquitoes but there are limited data regarding their ability to repel ticks. Products containing permethrin are for use on clothing only, not on skin. Rather than acting as a repellent, permethrin kills ticks and insects that come in contact with treated clothes. Permethrin can cause eye irritation. Insect repellents containing botanical oils, such as oil of geranium, cedar, lemongrass, soy or citronella are also available, but there is limited information on their effectiveness and toxicity. If you decide to use a repellent, use only what and how much you need for your situation. In addition:
How should a tick be removed?
Grasp the mouthparts with tweezers as close as possible to the attachment (skin) site. Be careful not to squeeze, crush or puncture the body of the tick, which may contain infectious fluids. After removing the tick, thoroughly disinfect the bite site and wash hands. See or call a doctor if there are concerns about incomplete tick removal. Do not attempt to remove ticks by using petroleum jelly, lit cigarettes or other home remedies because these may actually increase the chance of contracting a tick-borne disease.
For more info: www.health.ny.gov
Sport Physical will be on Thursday, June 5th and Thursday June 12th this school year.
Please be aware that the protocol has changed for those who are getting their physicals done with their personal physician. In the past you were allowed to start a sport and get approved at a later time by Dr. Shambo as long as you had a recent physical. However, this will not be the case anymore! A player will not be able to start a sport until Dr. Shambo also clears him/her as our school physician. This will include reviewing the health history, addressing any possible concerns and listening to the student's heart.
Please notify the Nurse if you have any questions!
We must have a written excuse for all absences or lateness, regardless of the reason. Please write an excuse upon your child’s return to school. All students coming in late must check in with Mrs. Shambo to obtain a pink pass prior to going to their classroom.
Please send in a note for any bus change. If we do not have a note, your child will be placed on his/her regular bus and get off at his/her normal stop. If you need to make an emergency change, please do so by 1:00 p.m. Telephone calls, which cause many interruptions to classes, are strongly discouraged.
EARLY DISMISSAL (Doctor appointments, dentist appointments, etc.)
Please send in a note the day of the appointment and the time you wish to pick up your child. This makes staff and teachers aware they are leaving, and students will be ready to go. For last minute emergency changes, go to Mrs. Shambo's office to sign your child out.
For medications to be administered in school, they must come labeled in a pharmacy bottle with a note from the doctor stating it must be given during the school day, directions for administration and also a parent note requesting the school nurse to administer it. This also includes all over-the-counter medicines. Do not send full prescriptions (just enough for the duration). Medications must be brought in by a parent or a parent designee. Students are not allowed to carry medications on their person unless the proper paper work for self-directed/able to carry is filled out by a Doctor and is on file in the Nurse's office.
REQUIRED GRADE PHYSICALS
NYS & District policy requires school physicals for all new students as well as students in Kindergarten, grades 2, 4, 7, and 10. You may take your children to your own doctor, if desired. If you choose to do this, please notify the nurse at 688-4472, and she will send home the physical form or click HERE to download the form. There is no charge for physicals done at school by Dr. Shambo.
individualized Plans of Action for a medical condition in the school setting eg. Allergies, Asthma, Diabetes
Medication administration at school
Includes forms for sport participation
Guidelines for Parents of when to keep your child home sick